For this reason, it's very important to prevent falls in older persons with high risk of fallen.
Elderly people who have a high risk of fallen are:
- People > 75 years and/or with history of falling.
- People who have visual and auditory problems.
- People who have central nervous system disorders such as dementias or deliriums (cognitive impairment).
- People with disabilities such as gait and balance disorders.
- People who have some chronic pathologie.
- Frail elderly and muscle weakness.
- Emotional disorders such as confusion, depression or denial's physical limitations.
- The more medicactions person take, the more likely person is to fall.
- Some medications can increase a person's risk of falling such as hypnotics, antidepressants, diuretics, antihypertensives and sedatives. The most important factor to predict falls is the sedative's consumption.